Cochrane (previously known as the Cochrane Collaboration) is a British international charitable organisation formed to organise medical research findings to facilitate evidence-based choices about health interventions involving health professionals, patients and policy makers. It includes 53 review groups that are based at research institutions worldwide Cochrane [ˈkɒkɹən], auch unter dem Namen Cochrane Collaboration bekannt, ist ein globales, unabhängiges Netzwerk (Geschäftsform: Charity nach britischem Recht) aus Wissenschaftlern, Ärzten, Angehörigen der Gesundheitsfachberufe, Patienten und weiteren an Gesundheitsfragen interessierten Personen. Cochrane setzt sich für dafür ein, dass Entscheidungen zu Gesundheitsfragen weltweit auf. About the Handbook. The Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions is the official guide that describes in detail the process of preparing and maintaining Cochrane systematic reviews on the effects of healthcare interventions.All authors should consult the Handbook for guidance on the methods used in Cochrane systematic reviews.The Handbook includes guidance on the standard. Die Cochrane Library ist die Online-Bibliothek der internationalen Organisation Cochrane.Sie umfasst drei wissenschaftliche Datenbanken (Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane Clinical Answers), die wissenschaftliche Evidenz zu Fragestellungen aus allen Bereichen der Gesundheitsversorgung sowie zu methodischen Aspekten der.
Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions . Version 5.1.0 [updated March 2011] Editors: Julian PT Higgins and Sally Green . Handbook information. Part 1: Cochrane reviews. Part 2: General methods for Cochrane reviews. Part 3: Special topics. Additional materia .The town is located 18 km (11 mi) west of the Calgary city limits along Highway 1A.Cochrane is one of the fastest growing communities in Canada, and with a population of 29,277 in 2019, it is one of the largest towns in Alberta.It is part of Calgary's census metropolitan area and a member community of the Calgary. Guides and handbooks . Reference resources to guide and support you in conducting a Cochrane Review. Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions. Book. Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Diagnostic Test Accuracy. Book. GRADE Handbook. Book. Standards for conduct and reporting of new intervention reviews. Guidance. Cochrane Style Manual. Guidance. Cochrane Information.
Contribution types and membership points. There are many different ways to contribute to Cochrane and earn membership. Every 1,000 points gained over 12 months earns you one year's membership. If you have contributed to Cochrane in a way not represented here, please email email@example.com. Contributor Task Points per task; Author or co-author: Publish a Cochrane protocol: 3000 Publish a. Version 2 of the Cochrane risk-of-bias tool for randomized trials (RoB 2) is the recommended tool to assess the risk of bias in randomized trials included in Cochrane Reviews. RoB 2 is structured into a fixed set of domains of bias, focussing on different aspects of trial design, conduct, and reporting. Within each domain, a series of questions ('signalling questions') aim to elicit.
Cochrane and Wikipedia have a partnership for Cochrane to work with Wikipedia medical editors to transform the quality and content of health evidence available online. The partnership, formalized in 2014, supports the inclusion of relevant evidence within all Wikipedia medical articles, as well as processes to help ensure that medical information included in Wikipedia is of the highest quality. Thomas Cochrane M.B. C.M (1866-1953) was a Scottish medical missionary. He is notable for founding the first school to teach Western Medicine to Chinese trainee doctors and for his influential London-based campaigns to promote missionary work. Early life. Cochrane was brought up in Greenock, Scotland. In 1882 he was inspired to become a missionary after listening to the evangelical preacher.
Data HK SGP 4D 2017 2018 dan 2019. DominoQQ yang paling populer. Joanna Tag: agen poker online, agen poker terbaik, agen poker terpercaya, bandar poker online, bandar poker terbaik, bandar poker terpercaya, domino qq, dominoqq, poker online 0 Kalau di Indonesia kita sering mendengar nama Domino, tetapi juga banyak orang yang sering memanggil namanya dengan sebutan Qiu Qiu Cochrane Style Manual.. 3 Abbreviations, acronyms and initialisms For guidance on the content, structure, and format of Cochrane Reviews see: Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions Methodological Expectations of Cochrane Intervention Reviews (MECIR) Titles of Cochrane Reviews. Titles for all types of Cochrane Reviews should be in sentence case. Avoid the use of.
Weiterführende Angaben sind dem Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions in den Abschn. 8.6 bis 8.17 zu entnehmen . Abb. 2. Risiko für Bias in fiktiven Studien. Full size image. Berichtsqualität versus interne Validität. Zur klaren Abgrenzung zwischen Mängeln in der Berichtsqualität und tatsächlichen methodischen Schwächen von Studien startete eine Gruppe von. Cochrane. UK. Trusted evidence. Informed decisions. Better health. Enter terms . HOME. Convalescent plasma to treat people with COVID-19: the evidence so far. Latest News and Events. Teapots and unicorns: absence of evidence is not evidence of absence . Blog . Preventing awareness during surgery: what's the latest evidence? News . Closing the skin after surgery: the Cochrane evidence . Blog. Etimologie. Cuvântul a fost mai întâi împrumutat din greaca veche (βιάς = violență) în provensala veche și mai apoi în franceză sub forma biais și în portugheză sub forma viés.Engleza a reluat termenul în forma inițială, bias. Tipuri de bias Biasuri cognitive Ancorare. Ancorarea este o euristică psihologică care descrie tendința de a se baza, în luarea deciziilor, pe. Cochrane Collaboration er en uavhengig ikke-kommersiell organisasjon som har som formål å systematisere forskningsresultater fra helseforskning.Cochrane-samarbeidet består av 28 000 frivillige i mer enn hundre land. Cochrane Collaboration har en omfattende database over evidensbasert medisin som består av tusenvis av reviewartikler som bedømmer effekten av ulike typer medisinsk behandling
This page contains a listing of all known appearances of Kenshiro Cochrane (Earth-928). If you find an Issue this Character appears in that is not shown here, please edit that issue adding Kenshiro Cochrane (Earth-928) to the proper section of the Appearances More than 10,000 users in its first month: Cochrane's COVID-19 Study Register supports rapid evidence synthesis in the global challenge to combat COVID-19; COVID-19 Rapid Review - Video calls for reducing social isolation and loneliness in older people; Cochrane identifies its priority areas for future COVID-19 work and lists other critical questions for the research community ; New.
Welcome to the Clinical Data Research Hub (CDRH), a coordinating centre for clinical research, hosted by the Liggins Institute and supporting the ON TRACK Network. In collaboration with the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, and Department of Paediatrics: Child and Youth Health, University of Auckland. We provide a comprehensive range of data management services for randomised trials and. In John H. Cochrane and John B. Taylor, Eds., Central Bank Governance and Oversight Reform, Hoover Institution Press May 2016, p. 31-36. Neoclassical Models of Aggregate Economies at the Conference on the Handbook of Macroeconomics, Volume 2, Hoover Institution, April 11 2015. Comments on Gauti Eggertsson and Neil Mehrotra, A Model of Secular Stagnation, slides presented at the NBER. Cochrane are providing the annual consumer and developing country stipends. But the organisers have also received further funding to support delegates from a LMIC setting including policy makers and researchers as well as African-based students. Follow the link to find out whether you are eligible and how to apply. The deadline for Cochrane and Global Evidence Summit stipends is the 28 April.
The EPOC taxonomy of health systems interventions, which covers the scope of this Review Group, was revised in 2015 and can be downloaded as a PDF using the link below. EPOC Taxonomy PDF. Information on how the EPOC taxonomy was developed and guidance on how it can be used by review authors and other stakeholders is available here: EPOC Taxonomy Guidance PDF. Suggested citation: Effective. Most Cochrane Reviews seek to cover both the benefits and harms of interventions, but the complexity of the research on the adverse effects of some treatments means that a few reviews are dedicated to just the potential harms. One of these, on one of the drugs used for treating asthma was updated in September 2019, and lead author, Sadia Janjua from the Population Health Research Institute at. U statistici, metaanaliza kombinuje rezultate nekoliko studija koje se bave srodnim istraživačkim hipotezama. U svom najjednostavnijem obliku, ona se sastoji od identifikacije zajedničke mere efekta veličina, i stoga ponderisana aritmetička sredina može da bude ishod metaanalize. Ponderisanje može da odražava veličine uzoraka individualnih ispitivanja, kao i niz drugih razlika među. Cochrane and systematic reviews. About The Cochrane Library; Systematic reviews; How do I know an intervention works; What consumers can and cannot get from a review; Levels of evidence ; Cochrane groups Top of page About The Cochrane Library. The Cochrane Library is an electronic collection of databases published on the internet and also available on CD-Rom. It is updated quarterly in an. Cochrane. Colloquium Abstracts. Trusted evidence. Informed decisions. Better health. Enter terms . Index. How to share evidence on Wikipedia: introduction to Wikipedia editing skills . How to turn your Cochrane Review into a high quality scientific poster for presentation at meetings. How to turn your Cochrane Review into a high quality scientific poster for presentation at meetings . How to.
'Cochrane exists so that healthcare decisions get better.' That is the first sentence of our Strategy to 2020.We want individuals around the world to enjoy 'Better Health' because high-quality, relevant, accessible Cochrane evidence is changing decision making and improving health outcomes From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The United States Cochrane Center (USCC) was one of the 14 centers on the world that facilitated the work of the Cochrane Collaboration . The USCC was the reference center for all 50 US states and US territories, protectorates, and districts: the District of Columbia , American Samoa , Guam , the Northern Mariana Islands , Puerto Rico , and the US Virgin. Cochrane is the world's most respected producer of high-quality health evidence to inform decision-making by healthcare practitioners, patients and carers, researchers and policymakers. Our global independent network of over 11,000 members and 68,000 supporters analyze and summarize the best evidence from research and publish it in the Cochrane Library (www.cochranelibrary.com). Cochrane is. Cochrane. Ireland. Trusted evidence. Informed decisions. Better health. Enter terms . Feed aggregator. Featured Review: Psychosocial interventions to support pregnant women to stop smoking. Cochrane News - Mon, 04/03/2017 - 15:47. Reposted with permission from Cochrane Australia. Published recently, the sixth update of the Cochrane Review on Psychosocial interventions for supporting women to. Cochrane Wounds is based in the Division of Nursing, Midwifery & Social Work, in The University of Manchester, United Kingdom. Cochrane Ireland and Cochrane UK Symposium 2020. Latest News and Events. New Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions! News . New Cochrane Account system: 21st May 2019 . News . New one-stop Support Portal for Cochrane Help and Support Services.
Early life . Cochrane was brought up in Greenock, Scotland. In 1882 he was inspired to become a missionary after listening to the evangelical preacher Dwight L. Moody. He trained to become a doctor at Glasgow University and in 1897 traveled to China with the London Missionary Society.. Work in China . Cochrane arrived in Chaoyang hospital, Mongolia when the country was in the throes of the. Cochrane. Brasil. Evidências confiáveis. Decisões bem informadas. Melhor saúde. Enter terms . Como fazer uma Revisão Sistemática Cochrane. A revisão sistemática da literatura é um estudo secundário, que tem por objetivo reunir estudos semelhantes, publicados ou não, avaliando-os criticamente em sua metodologia e reunindo-os numa análise estatística, a metanálise, quando isto é. About the Handbook. The GRADE handbook describes the process of rating the quality of the best available evidence and developing health care recommendations following the approach proposed by the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) Working Group (www.gradeworkinggroup.org).The Working Group is a collaboration of health care methodologists, guideline. Cochrane is a global, independent network of health practitioners, researchers, patient advocates and others, responding to the challenge of making vast amounts of research evidence useful for informing decisions about health. We do this by synthesizing research findings to produce the best available evidence on what can work, what might harm and where more research is needed. Our work is.
Cochrane is a non-governmental organization in official relations with WHO. The Cochrane Effective Practice and Organisation of Care (EPOC) Group, as well as other Cochrane contributors, has a long-standing relationship with WHO and works closely with them on guideline development. This fruitful collaboration had led to several innovations, such as the inclusion of qualitative evidence. Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions; Effect Size and Meta-Analysis (ERIC Digest) Meta-Analysis at 25 (Gene V Glass) Meta-Analysis in Educational Research (ERIC Digest) Meta-Analysis: Methods of Accumulating Results Across Research Domains (article by Larry Lyons) Meta-analysis (Psychwiki.com article) EffectSizeFAQ.co Систематичний огляд — наукове дослідження низки опублікованих окремих однорідних оригінальних досліджень з метою їх критичного аналізу та оцінки. Систематичний огляд проводять з використанням методології, що.
Cochrane is delighted to announce the publication of the new edition of The Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions following extensive revision. Designed for authors and editors of Cochrane Reviews, but equally useful for anyone conducting systematic reviews, it describes the methods and best practices in planning, conducting and interpretation of systematic reviews to. Cochrane UK will use the information you provide on this form to be in touch with you and to provide updates. Please tick the box below to confirm that you are happy to hear from us via email. Email. You can change your mind at any time by clicking the unsubscribe link in the footer of any email you receive from us, or by contacting us at firstname.lastname@example.org We will treat your information. Feed aggregator. Visit the Cochrane Community Exhibition Stand at the Colloquium. Cochrane News - Mon, 08/26/2019 - 13:41. The Cochrane Community Exhibition Stand has traditionally been a hub of activity and a gathering point for both members, staff, and for those new to Cochrane. Come chat to us, get your questions answered, and learn more about Cochrane! Our annual event, the Cochrane. Dr David Tovey, Cochrane's first Editor in Chief, is stepping down at the end of May after 10 years in the role. His successor - as both the external face of Cochrane's content and the internal lead for the editorial production of Cochrane evidence - will play a key role in taking the organization forward beyond our existing Strategy to 2020 Cochrane Collaboration From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The Cochrane Collaboration is a group of over 11,500 volunteers in more than 90 countries who apply a rigorous, systematic process to review the effects of interventions tested in biomedical randomized controlled trials. A few more recent reviews have also studied the results of non-randomized, observational studies. The results.
Feed aggregator. Cochrane International Mobility - Franciszek Borys. Cochrane News - Fri, 01/03/2020 - 19:18. Cochrane is made up of 11,000 members and over 67,000 supporters come from more than 130 countries, worldwide. Our volunteers and contributors are researchers, health professionals, patients, carers, people passionate about improving health outcomes for everyone, everywhere. Getting. Starfleet Academy Handbook ist ein Referenzwerk der Serie Star Trek: The Next Generation, das Themen vom Jahr 2161 bis circa 2372 serienübergreifend auffasst. Die englische Erstveröffentlichung fand 1999 statt. Personen Angela Ming • Amy Beach • Devlin Gos • Jeff McAllister • John Gill • Garth vo Cochrane. Vascular. Trusted evidence. Informed decisions. Better health. Enter terms . Feed aggregator. Cochrane Czech Republic seeks PostDoc in Meta-Research in Rehabilitation and Podiatry. Cochrane News - Mon, 01/27/2020 - 19:24. Closing: 29 Feb 2020. The open post-doc position is focused on meta-research in field Rehabilitation, Biomechanics, Podiatry, or Public Health. Czech National. Guzki krwawnicze, hemoroidy - struktury naczyniowe położone w kanale odbytu, które ułatwiają kontrolę oddawania kału.Związany z nimi stan patologiczny, zwany chorobą hemoroidalną lub potocznie hemoroidami, występuje, gdy są one nabrzmiałe lub objęte stanem zapalnym.W zdrowej postaci zachowują się jak poduszeczka złożona z połączeń tętniczo-żylnych i tkanki łącznej
The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews consists of original material written by members of the Cochrane Collaboration. Its articles may be published in database form, but it functions like an online journal: Numbered issues are published 12 times a year, and each article has its own DOI. Therefore, we can modify the journal article format to fit a Cochrane Review, as follows Feed aggregator. Cochrane Survey: Provide feedback on Cochrane's Policy on Conflicts of Interest. Cochrane News - Mon, 01 We invite feedback from people who create, use or fund the production of Cochrane Reviews, on how conflict of interest should be defined and managed. Please take 15 minutes to complete this important survey on COI by 17th February. If you have any questions about the.
O analiză Cochrane care a comparat quetiapina cu alte antipsihotice atipice a concluzionat provizoriu că aceasta poate fi mai puțin eficace decât olanzapina și risperidona, produce mai puține efecte secundare legate de mișcare decât paliperidona, aripiprazolul, ziprasidona, risperidona și olanzapina și duce la creștere în greutate similar cu risperidona, clozapina și aripiprazol The Cochrane Handbook forms the basis of two sets of standards for the conduct and reporting of Cochrane Intervention Reviews (MECIR - Methodological Expectations of Cochrane Intervention Reviews) In 1556 William Cochrane, chief of Clan Cochrane obtained a charter of confirmation for the lands of Cochrane from Mary, Queen of Scots. An ongoing systematic review being performed by Cochrane. . López de Argumedo M, Reviriego E, Andrío E, Rico R, Sobradillo N, Hurtado de Saracho I. Revisión externa y validación de instrumentos metodológicos para la Lectura Crítica y la síntesis de la evidencia científica Cochrane
. What does this new quantity mean, and why is assessment of heterogeneity so important to clinical practice? Systematic reviews and meta-analyses can provide convincing and reliable evidence relevant to many aspects of medicine and health care. 1. Download Cochrane handbook heterogeneity: http://hgk.cloudz.pw/download?file=cochrane+handbook+heterogeneity Read Online Cochrane handbook heterogeneity: http://hgk.
Hemoroidi su vaskularne strukture u analnom kanalu koje pomažu u upravljanju defekacijom.U njihovom fiziološkom stanju, služe kao jastučići napravljeni od arterio-venskih kanala i vezivnog tkiva. One postaju patološke kada oteknu ili postanu upaljene i tada se nazivaju hemoroidalna bolest.. Simptomi patoloških hemoroida ovise o vrsti. Unutarnji hemoroidi se obično pojavljuju kao. Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions Download Books Online Pdf.Looking for Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions Pdf Books Free Download.Here now, news for you Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions Download Book Pdf.Get it now Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions Where Can I Download Ebooks For Free Pd Cochrane systematic reviews are conducted and reported according to rigorous standards. A study flow diagram must be included in a new review, and there is clear guidance from the PRISMA statement on how to do this. However, for a review update, there is currently no guidance on how study flow diagrams should be presented. To address this, a working group was formed to find a solution and.
Handbook Database. From Star Trek : Freedom's Wiki . Jump to: navigation, search. Welcome to the Handbook Database Handbooks, technical manuals and constant updates are all part of life in Starfleet. You'd better keep up to date on the latest protocols or before you know it, you'll be wearing the wrong uniform from everyone else! Departmental Handbooks: Departmental Handbooks: | Command. The latest version of the Cochrane Handbook of Systematic Reviews of Interventions is now available. The handbook can be viewed online for free. Chapters can be downloaded with restrictions for Cochrane Collaboration registrants. A print version of the handbook can also be purchased Reference Librarian-About; Chikungunya Information and Updates; Contact; Swine Flu Information and Updates; Tutorials and Citation Styles; Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions. Posted on July 10, 2009. Click here to view the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions. This entry was posted in Evidence. Kent Cochrane (August 5, 1951 - March 27, 2014), also known as Patient K.C., was a widely studied Canadian memory disorder patient who has been used as a case study in over 20 neuropsychology papers over the span of the past 25 years. In 1981, Cochrane was involved in a motorcycle accident that left him with severe anterograde amnesia, as well as temporally graded retrograde amnesia
The Town of Cochrane continues to work closely with the Porcupine Health Unit and community partners to monitor COVID-19 developments and respond appropriately. Click here for updates related to municipal programs and services. You can also access up to date information on the Ontario Ministry of Health or the Porcupine Health Unit websites Cochrane-verkosto käyttää oppaassaan Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions seuraavaa vaiheistusta meta-analyysiin pohjautuvan systemaattisen kirjallisuuskatsauksen luomisessa: Tutkimusongelman muodostaminen ja meta-analysoitavien tutkimusten valintakriteerin määrittäminen; Tutkimuskirjallisuuteen tutustuminen ; Tutkimusten valinta ja datan kerääminen valituista. El sesgo de información científica es la presentación interesada de los informes de resultados de la investigación científica, que se publicarán dependiendo de las características y dirección de los resultados obtenidos.  En la investigación empírica, el sesgo de información se refiere a la tendencia a subestimar los resultados experimentales inesperados o no deseados. One of the largest and most authoritative collections of online journals, books, and research resources, covering life, health, social, and physical sciences
Cochrane Description. Lang: en Cochrane may refer to: Description provided by Wikipedia. Google Suggest Search predictions are possible search terms you can use that are related to the terms you're typing and what other people are searching for.. Cochrane; Cochrane Library; Cochrane Handbook; Cochrane Blog; Cochrane Database Of Systematic Review A Cochrane é uma organização internacional independente, sem fins lucrativos, que não aceita financiamentos conflitantes, constituída por voluntários, com 25 centros dedicados a produzir e disseminar informação acurada sobre os efeitos dos cuidados em saúde. A Cochrane Collaboration inovou em muitos aspectos, notadamente na sua estrutura. Em vez de se organizar na forma tradicional p Kent Cochrane (5. august 1951 Toronto - 27. märts 2014 Toronto), tuntud ka kui patsient K.C., mäluhäirega Kanada patsient, keda on põhjalikult uuritud ja kellest on 1980ndate algusest saadik kirjutatud üle 20 neuropsühholoogia alase teadusartikli.. 1981. aastal sattus Cochrane mootorrattaga liiklusõnnetusse, mille tagajärjel tekkis tal tõsine anterograadne ja retrograadne amneesia
История лазерной терапии. В статье Н. Р. Финзена 1899 года было заявлено что лечебный эффект зависит от ширины выделяемого света, поэтому не удивительно, что с появлением лазеров, имеющих спектральную линию минимальной. Appearing in The 1990s Handbook Featured Profiles: Avengers Blackwulf and the Underground Legion Worldengine Other Profiles: Annex Black Tarantula Bluebird Moira Brandon Captain Marvel (Genis-Vell) Century Darkhawk Doctor Octopus (Carolyn Trainer) Exodus (Bennet du Paris) Gamesmaster.. Ketamin, esas olarak anesteziyi başlatmak ve sürdürmek için kullanılan bir ilaçtır. Ağrı kesimi, sedasyon ve hafıza kaybı sağlarken alan kişiyi trans benzeri bir duruma sokar. Diğer kullanımları arasında kronik ağrı, yoğun bakımda sedasyon ve depresyon vardır. Etkisi altında kalp fonksiyonu, nefes alma ve solunum yolu refleksleri genellikle işlevsel kalır Opeklina je vrsta ozljede kože ili potkožnih tkiva izazvana toplinom, električnom strujom, kemijskim tvarima, trenjem ili radijacijom.Opekline koje zahvaćaju samo površinski dio kože nazivamo površinskim opeklinama ili opeklinama prvog stupnja. U slučaju da oštećenje prodre u donje slojeve kože, radi se o opeklini drugog stupnja, dok opekline trećeg stupnja zahvaćaju sve slojeve. Alasdair Cochrane (geboren 31 maart 1978) is een Britse politiek theoreticus en ethicus die momenteel een hoogleraar in de politieke theorie bij de afdeling politicologie aan de Universiteit van Sheffield.Hij staat bekend om zijn werk over de rechten van dieren vanuit het perspectief van de politieke theorie, die het onderwerp is van zijn twee boeken: An Introduction to Animals and Political.
Dehidratasyon, fizyolojide, beraberinde metabolik süreçlerin bozulmasına neden olan toplam bir vücut suyu noksanlığı durumudur. Serbest su kaybının, genellikle egzersiz, hastalık veya yüksek çevre sıcaklığı nedeniyle serbest su alımını aştığında ortaya çıkar Ganciclovir là một loại thuốc chống vi-rút được sử dụng để điều trị nhiễm trùng cytomegalovirus (CMV). Một dạng prodrug với sinh khả dụng đường uống được cải thiện (valganciclovir) cũng đã được phát triển.. Ganciclovir được cấp bằng sáng chế vào năm 1980 và được chấp thuận cho sử dụng y tế vào năm 1988 Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions . Version 5.1.0 [updated March 2011] Editors: Julian PT Higgins and Sally Green North American Electric Reliability Council - NER